About the Council of the EU
The Council of the EU is the institution representing the member states' governments. Also informally known as the EU Council, it is where national ministers from each EU country meet to adopt laws and coordinate policies.
1. What does the Council do?
The Council is an essential EU decision-maker. It negotiates and adopts new EU legislation, adapts it when necessary, and coordinates policies.
2. How does the Council work?
The Council is a single legal entity, but it meets in 10 different "configurations", depending on the subject being discussed.
It takes decisions by a simple majority, qualified majority or unanimous vote, depending on the decision that needs to be taken.
The Council is supported by the Committee of Permanent Representatives (Coreper) and more than 150 highly specialised working parties and committees, known as the 'Council preparatory bodies'. These bodies examine legislative proposals, and carry out studies and other preparatory work which prepares the ground for Council decisions.
The Council of the EU should not be confused with:
- the European Council – another EU institution, where EU leaders meet around 4 times a year to discuss the EU’s political priorities
- the Council of Europe – not an EU body at all
3. The presidency of the Council of the EU
The presidency of the Council of the EU rotates among member states every six months. The presidency chairs meetings at all levels: Council, Permanent Representatives Committee (Coreper) and working parties. It puts forward guidelines and draws up the compromises needed for the Council to take decisions.
The presidency of the Council should not be confused with:
4. The budget of the Council of the EU
The EU's annual budget contains a specific section (Section II) for the shared budget of the Council and the European Council. In 2014 Section II makes up around 0.4 % of the total EU budget.