History

Film: 'From fireside chats to key decision-maker'

This documentary traces the history of the European Council from its foundation down to the present day. It shows important milestones from the last decades that have shaped the way EU leaders make decisions.
The story is told through the eyes of those who witnessed the European Council's transformation to the decision-making centre that it is today. 

Find out more about the events and treaties which have shaped the roles of the European Council, the Council of the EU, the Eurogroup and the Euro Summit.

2008

12 October

The Euro Summit is born 

The French President, Nicolas Sarkozy, proposes a regular meeting of the euro area heads of state or government. The first meeting takes place on 12 October 2008. Subsequent summits take place in May 2010, March 2011, July 2011, and October 2011 in Brussels.

Euro Summit meetings help to coordinate euro area economic policy and are also attended by the Euro Summit President and the President of the European Commission. 

2012

1-2 March

The Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union

At the European Council meeting on 1-2 March 2012, 25 European leaders sign the Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union (TSCG).  

The treaty enters into force on 1 January 2013 and formalises the Euro Summit. The organisation of the Euro Summit and the role of its President are set out in its article 12.

2013

14 March

Euro Summit rules of procedure

The first Euro Summit since the entry into force of the Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union (TSCG) is held on 14 March 2013. At this meeting, rules for the organisation of the Euro Summits are adopted.

2015

22 June

Extraordinary Euro Summit on Greece

EU leaders meet for an exchange of views on Greece on 22 June 2015. The President of the Euro Summit Donald Tusk says the latest proposals made by the Greek government are a positive step forward, but will require further assessment by the EU institutions.

12 July

Euro area leaders reach an agreement on Greece

They are ready to start negotiations on an European Stability Mechanism (ESM) financial assistance programme for Greece, but first the agreement must be approved by the Greek parliament and other national parliaments. Following national procedures, the Eurogroup will take forward negotiations.