Infographic - EU trade defence instruments

Council of the EU
The EU is working on the first fundamental review of its trade defence instruments since 1995

EU trade defence instruments

The EU supports free and fair trade.

Trade defence instruments:

  • tackle unfair competition by foreign companies
  • protect EU industry

Types of trade defence instruments

Anti-dumping

Dumping: manufacturers from a non-EU country sell goods in the EU below the sales price in their domestic market or below the cost of production

EU response: anti-dumping measures such as duties on imports of the product from the country in question

Anti-subsidy

Subsidisation: a non-EU government provides financial assistance to companies to produce or export goods

EU response: duties on imports of the subsidised products as a countermeasure.

The EU is working on the first fundamental review of its trade defence instruments since 1995.