On 7-8 June 2015, Germany hosted the meeting of the G7 heads of state and government. The summit focused on the global economy and climate change as well as on key foreign, security and development issues.
Donald Tusk, President of the European Council and Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission represented the EU at the summit.
G7 leaders agreed on a joint-statement:
The leaders' discussions focused on the situation in Ukraine and relations with Russia. They confirmed their support to Ukraine and they all agreed to maintain the sanctions pressure on Russia until the Minsk Agreements have been completely implemented.
The situations in Syria, Iraq and Libya were other security related issues on the summit agenda.
On economy, leaders discussed:
The situation in Greece was also addressed and the leaders exchanged their concerns and views on the way forward.
One of the main topics was climate change. All G7 countries affirmed their strong determination to adopt an ambitious agreement at the Paris COP21 summit in December.
G7 leaders also discussed the next steps towards a new international agreement on poverty eradication and sustainable development, the so-called 'post-2015 development agenda'.
Other topics put forward by the German presidency included the protection of the marine environment and resource efficiency, antibiotic resistance, neglected and poverty-related diseases, and Ebola, and the empowerment of self-employed women and women in vocational training.
In addition, on the second day of the summit, G7 leaders met heads of state and government of African countries to discuss:
The summit in Germany follows the G7 summit in Brussels in June 2014, the first G7 summit in 16 years.
Originally a G8 summit was scheduled to take place in Sochi (Russia) in early June 2014 under Russian presidency. Due to the Russian Federation's violation of Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity, the G7 leaders decided, at their meeting in The Hague (Netherlands) on 24 March 2014, to meet in Brussels on 4-5 June 2014 in the G7 format instead.
Since then meetings have continued within the G7 process until Russia changes course of its policy.
In 1977, representatives of the then European Community began participating in the London Summit. The first G7 summit was held in Rambouillet (France) two years earlier, in 1975. Originally, the EU had a role limited to those areas in which it had exclusive competences, but the EU's role has grown over time. The European Commission was gradually included in all political discussions on the summit agenda and took part in all summit working sessions, as of the Ottawa Summit (1981).
The European Commission President attended the G8 for the first time in Gleneagles in 2005. The European Council President has been attending the G8/G7 since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty (2009).
The Commission and the European Council have all the responsibilities of membership. The summit communiqué is politically binding on all G7 members.
The rotation of the Presidency is as follows: Germany in 2015, Japan in 2016, Italy in 2017, Canada in 2018, France in 2019, and the USA in 2020.
G7 foreign ministers also meet on a regular basis to discuss foreign policy issues. Federica Mogherini, the EU High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy joined their meeting in Lübeck focusing on the Ukraine conflict, the difficult situation in many countries in the Middle East and the fight against terrorism.