From 30 November to 12 December, Paris hosted the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 11th session of the meeting of the parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 11).
On 12 December, the parties reached a new global agreement on climate change. The agreement presents a balanced outcome with an action plan to limit global warming 'well below' 2°C.
Carole Dieschbourg, Environment Minister for Luxembourg, holding the presidency of the Council, said: "Today is a day to be proud. We have agreed the first-ever legally binding and universal climate agreement which puts the world on course to avoid dangerous climate change. It is a roadmap for a better, more just and sustainable world. The EU fought for this agreement to be as strong as possible. We have been a successful bridge builder throughout these negotiations. But let's not forget that Paris is only the beginning of a long journey. Together with all the stakeholders - NGOs, the business community and every citizen -we will now have the responsibility to translate this agreement into actions."
Donald Tusk, President of the European Council, joined 150 other leaders at the opening event on 30 November 2015. The Council formally adopted a negotiating position for the conference in September this year.
The main elements of the new Paris agreement:
Find out more about the Council's activities on climate change.
A new global climate change agreement sealed in Paris.
The Economic and Financial Affairs Council adopted conclusions on climate finance.
The Environment Council adopted conclusions establishing the EU's position for the UN climate change conference in Paris.
The EU submitted its intended nationally determined contribution (INDC) to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The European Council agreed on the 2030 climate and energy policy framework for the EU.