Negotiations for the association agreement (AA) with Ukraine were launched in 2007. Recent events and the uprise of new political forces in Kiev accelerated the signature process. The first political chapters of the AA were signed in March 2014. Following the presidential elections in Ukraine, the remaining chapters of the association agreement were signed on 27 June 2014, in the margins of the European Council.
Major parts of the agreement are already provisionally applied as of 1 September 2014. The provisional application of the deep and comprehensive free trade area started on 1 January 2016.
On 15 December 2014, the EU and Ukraine held the first meeting of the association council, under the new association agreement. On 16 March 2015, the EU-Ukraine association council endorsed the updated association agenda. This agenda will be instrumental in guiding the process of enhanced reforms and economic modernisation in Ukraine.
It constitutes the main political tool for the implementation and monitoring of the association agreement.
On 7 December 2015, the EU and Ukraine held the second meeting of the association council.
Visa facilitation and readmission agreements with Ukraine entered into force in 2008. The same year a 'visa dialogue' was launched. On 20 April 2016, the European Commission presented a proposal to allow visa-free travel to the Schengen area for Ukrainian citizens.
The 17th EU-Ukraine summit took place in Kyiv on 27 April 2015. This was the first summit taking place under the framework of the association agreement.
EU and Ukrainian leaders adopted a joint-statement on:
Against the background of the conflict in eastern Ukraine and its difficult economic situation, the EU has stepped-up its engagement with Ukraine providing political, financial and economic support.
The EU has deployed a massive support programme for Ukraine in the course of 2014, committing €11 billion over the next seven years (2014-2020).
The EU granted trade preferences to Ukraine by introducing autonomous trade measures, thereby unilaterally removing the customs duties.
The EU has deployed a CSDP mission to assist Ukraine in reforming its civilian security sector.
The EU has progressively imposed restrictive measures in response to the illegal annexation of Crimea and deliberate destabilisation of Ukraine.