EU fight against terrorism
Terrorism threatens our security, the values of our democratic societies and the rights and freedoms of European citizens.
Fighting terrorism is a top priority for the EU and its member states as well as its international partners.
EU terrorist list
Following the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, the EU established a list of persons, groups and entities involved in terrorist acts and subject to restrictive measures.
Response to foreign fighters
The EU adopted a comprehensive approach to tackle the issue of foreign fighters.
Recent actions in this area include:
- strengthened rules to prevent new forms of terrorism
- reinforced checks at external borders
- enhanced firearms controls
- creating a dedicated body to curb terrorist propaganda online
Gilles de Kerchove has been the EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator since 2007.
He is in in charge of:
- coordinating the work of the Council of the EU in the field of counter-terrorism
- monitoring the implementation of the EU counter-terrorism strategy
- ensuring that the EU plays an active role in the fight against terrorism
EU counter-terrorism strategy
In 2005, the Council adopted the EU counter-terrorism strategy to fight terrorism globally and make Europe safer.
The strategy focuses on four pillars:
Fight against money laundering and terrorist financing
In May 2015, the Council and the European Parliament adopted new rules to prevent money laundering and terrorist financing.
In July 2016, the European Commission released a proposal to amend the existing rules to further strengthen the fight against terrorism financing. The Council and the European Parliament are currently reviewing the proposal.
Passenger name record data
On 21 April 2016 the Council adopted a directive to harmonise the use of passenger name record (PNR) data in the EU.
The directive establishes that PNR data can only be used for the prevention, detection, investigation and prosecution of terrorist offences and serious crime.