Terrorism threatens our security, the values of our democratic societies and the rights and freedoms of European citizens. 

Fighting terrorism is a top priority for the EU and its member states as well as its international partners.

142failed, foiled or completed terrorist attacks in 2016
1002people arrested for terrorist offences in 2016

EU terrorist list

Following the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, the EU established a list of persons, groups and entities involved in terrorist acts and subject to restrictive measures

Response to foreign fighters 

The EU  adopted a comprehensive approach  to tackle the issue of foreign fighters.

Recent actions in this area include:

  • strengthened rules to prevent new forms of terrorism
  • reinforced checks at external borders
  • enhanced firearms controls
  • creating a dedicated body to curb terrorist propaganda online

Counter-Terrorism Coordinator

Gilles de Kerchove has been the EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator since 2007.

He is in in charge of:

  • coordinating the work of the Council of the EU in the field of counter-terrorism
  • monitoring the implementation of the EU counter-terrorism strategy
  • ensuring that the EU plays an active role in the fight against terrorism

EU counter-terrorism strategy

 In 2005, the Council adopted the EU counter-terrorism strategy to fight terrorism globally and make Europe safer.

 The strategy focuses on four pillars:

  • prevent
  • protect
  • pursue
  • respond

Fight against money laundering and terrorist financing

In May 2015, the Council and the European Parliament adopted new rules to prevent money laundering and terrorist financing.

In July 2016, the European Commission released a proposal to amend the existing rules to further strengthen the fight against terrorism financing. The Council and the European Parliament are currently reviewing the proposal.

Passenger name record data

 On 21 April 2016 the Council adopted a directive to harmonise the use of passenger name record (PNR) data in the EU.

The directive establishes that PNR data can  only be used for the prevention, detection, investigation and prosecution of terrorist offences and serious crime.