The EU is working to increase fair labour mobility in Europe by removing barriers that hinder it.

The EU supports mobility by helping job-seekers and employers in Europe find each other, wherever they are. It also seeks to make sure that the EU's mobile workers are not abused and to help coordinate the fight against undeclared work

Labour mobility in the EU 

  • 6.9 million EU citizens live and work abroad in another EU country
  • there are over 1.1 million cross-border or frontier workers, i.e. EU nationals who work in an EU country other than the one where they reside

Scope of the policy

1. Reform of EURES, the European network of public employment services

The reform aims to increase the number of jobs available on the EURES internet portal and to make them easier to find. It also wants to improve assistance with job search and recruitment across Europe and to ensure the best match between employers and job-seekers.     

Following an agreement with the European Parliament, the Permanent Representatives Committee approved the new rules on 2 December 2015. 

2. Creation of a European platform against undeclared work

By bringing together the Commission and national authorities in charge of combating undeclared work, the new platform allows for an exchange of information and best practices. Over time the platform will go on to promote training for staff from various countries and joint cross-border inspections.

The decision on establishing the platform was published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 11 March 2016. The platform was officially launched in May 2016.

3. Better enforcement of EU rules on the posting of workers

The directive for the enforcement of legislation on the posting of workers seeks to boost the rights of posted workers, make the cross-border provision of services easier and fight against social dumping. Its aim is to improve the application of existing rules, without changing them.

The directive was adopted by the Council on 13 May 2014. Following the adoption, it has entered into force. Member states have now until 18 June 2016 to transpose the directive into their national laws.