The Council has launched the EU's military advisory mission in the Central African Republic (EUMAM RCA), which it established on 19 January 2015. It sets out to support the Central African authorities in preparing a reform of the security sector with respect to the armed forces of the Central African Republic (FACA).
The EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, said: "The EU continues its comprehensive support for stability and security in the Central African Republic. EU experts will now support preparations for security sector reform. This will help the Central Africa Republic turn the corner after this security crisis."
In close cooperation with the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), this mission will play a critical role in strengthening the security sector. Concurrently, EUMAM RCA will advise the military authorities of the Central African Republic (CAR) on the reforms necessary to transform the CAR armed forces into a professional, democratically controlled and ethnically representative army. EUMAM RCA will also support the MINUSCA in achieving its mandate in the area of security sector reform and the vetting process.
EU experts, inserted in the CAR Ministry of Defence as well as in the General Staff, will advise on how to manage the military forces as well as on the preparation of a future systemic reform of the FACA. In addition, they will provide expertise on the conditions for a training programme for the armed forces. Based on a gradual approach, and subject to a further political decision, the mission could also conduct limited non-operational training, in order to improve the conditions for implementing the upcoming reforms.
EUMAM RCA is located in the country's capital Bangui. Brigadier General Dominique Laugel from France has been appointed EU Mission Commander for a team of up to 60 staff. The common costs of the operation are estimated at €7.9 million for 12 months.
The mission is part of the EU's comprehensive support for CAR's return to stability. It comes in the wake of the EU's military operation contributing to security in Bangui, EUFOR RCA. That operation has completed its mandate on 15 March 2015, handing over to the UN's multidimensional integrated stabilization mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA).
In addition, the EU is the country's main development partner and the main provider of humanitarian assistance. It has committed more than €360 million of new funding to respond to the crisis in CAR since it started in 2013. Over the years, the EU has also given development assistance to meet the basic needs of the most vulnerable people.