The Valletta summit on migration brought together European and African Heads of State and Government in an effort to strengthen cooperation and address the current challenges but also the opportunities of migration.
It recognised that migration is a shared responsibility of countries of origin, transit and destination. EU and Africa worked in a spirit of partnership to find common solutions to challenges of mutual interest.
Leaders participating in the summit adopted a political declaration and an action plan designed to:
- address the root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement
- enhance cooperation on legal migration and mobility
- reinforce the protection of migrants and asylum seekers
- prevent and fight irregular migration, migrant smuggling and trafficking in human beings
- work more closely to improve cooperation on return, readmission and reintegration
They also agreed a list of 16 concrete actions to be implemented by the end of 2016.
The existing mechanisms of the Rabat Process, the Khartoum Process and the Joint EU-Africa strategy will be used to monitor the implementation of the action plan.
Emergency Trust Fund for Africa
The EU Emergency Trust Fund for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa was also formally launched at the occasion of the Valletta summit.
It will provide additional funding to support the implementation of the action plan.
Key moments of the summit
European Union and Ethiopia signed Common Agenda on Migration and Mobility
On 11 November 2015, the EU and Ethiopia signed a joint declaration for a Common Agenda on Migration and Mobility (CAMM), reflecting the importance of Ethiopia as a key country of origin, transit and destination of irregular migrants and refugees from the Horn of Africa on the route to Europe.
Press conference Valletta summit
Over the last few months the EU has been confronted with unprecedented number of migrants and refugees arriving in Europe. They are moving for different reasons; they are fleeing conflict, political and economic instability, human rights violations and poverty.
The EU, together with the member states, has taken a range of measures to address the challenges created by migration. But migration is not just an issue for Europe. Countries of origin or transit of irregular migration flows also need to be involved.
In April 2015 the European Council called for an international summit to discuss migration issues with African and other key countries concerned. The summit took place in Valletta on 11 and 12 November 2015 at the Mediterranean Conference Centre. The EU was represented by Donald Tusk, President of the European Council and Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission.
The summit brought together European and African Heads of State and Government in an effort to strengthen cooperation in the area of migration and address the current challenges and opportunities. The conference built on existing cooperation processes between Europe and Africa, particularly the Rabat and Khartoum processes on migration, and the EU-Africa Dialogue on Migration and Mobility.
EU member states, countries members of the Rabat and Khartoum processes, observers to the Rabat process, representatives of the African Union commission and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) commission, the United Nations (UN), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) have been invited to join the summit.
Migration crisis - timeline
The timeline outlines the main measures taken by the EU, together with the member states, over the last few months, to address the challenges created by migration.
See also the relevant policy page on our website: