Úsáidimid fianáin chun a áirithiú go mbeidh an taithí brabhsála is fearr agat ar ár láithreán gréasáin. Féadfaidh tú tuilleadh eolais a fháil ar an úsáid a bhainimid as fianáin agus faoin gcaoi ar féidir leat do chuid socruithe ríomhaire a athrú.

Agriculture and Fisheries

CCmediaLink-Agrifish
Visit the Photo Gallery

The Agriculture and Fisheries Council is one of 10 Council configurations.  Its objective is to set a regulatory framework for the activities involved in the production of food and foodstuffs in the EU.

1. What is the Agriculture and Fisheries Council?

2. How does the Agriculture and Fisheries Council work?

3. What policy areas does the Agriculture and Fisheries Council cover?

 

1. What is the Agriculture and Fisheries Council?

The Agriculture and Fisheries Council brings together ministers from all EU Member States responsible for these policy areas. Together they negotiate and adopt legislation.

Most Member States send one minister for both sectors, others send one for agriculture and another minister for fisheries.  A member of the European Commission participates in the meeting, either the Commissioner for agriculture and rural development or the Commissioner for maritime affairs and fisheries.

Meetings take place once a month and last one or two days.

 

2. How does the Agriculture and Fisheries Council work?

The Agriculture and Fisheries Council is prepared either by the Special Committee on Agriculture (SCA) or by the Committee of Permanent Representatives (Coreper) depending on the agenda.

Various working parties prepare the work of those committees:

Agriculture

There are 24 working parties responsible for preparing decision and policy-making on agriculture. These working parties are composed of experts from Member States and from the European Commission.

The SCA is composed of senior agriculture officials from the member states (most of whom are based in Brussels) and from the European Commission. It meets most Mondays.

Since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the Agriculture Council takes its decisions on most agriculture legislation in co-decision with the European Parliament, according to the ordinary legislative procedure.

Fisheries

The Fisheries part of the Agriculture and Fisheries Council is prepared by Coreper, building on the discussions held by the Working Party on Internal and External Fisheries Policy. It is composed of fisheries experts from Member States and from the Commission.

Since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the Council takes its decisions on most fisheries legislation in co-decision with the European Parliament according to the ordinary legislative procedure. This does not apply to decisions on annual fishing opportunities where the Council decides on its own.

After each meeting, the AGRIFISH Council publishes a common statement known as "conclusions".

 

3. What policy areas does the Agriculture and Fisheries Council cover?

AGRIFISH establishes the regulatory framework for many activities providing vital input to the production of food and foodstuffs. 

The Agriculture part of the Council covers principally:

  • the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP);
  • internal market rules;
  • forestry;
  • organic production;
  • quality of production and food and feed safety;
  • as well as harmonisation of rules concerning veterinary matters, animal welfare, plant health, animal feed, seeds and pesticides.

 

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)  is a dynamic policy which has undergone successive reforms. A new set of reform proposals for the CAP after 2013 - presented by the Commission in October 2011 - are currently under discussion. The aims of the CAP are to:

  • increase agricultural productivity;
  • ensure a fair standard of living for the agricultural community;
  • stabilise markets;
  • assure the availability of supplies;
  • ensure that supplies reach consumers at reasonable prices.

 

The Fisheries part of the Council covers legislation relating to fisheries and the setting of annual Total Allowable Catches (TACs) and quotas for each species, and of fishing effort limits.

The objectives of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) are to:

  • protect and conserve living aquatic resources and to provide for their sustainable exploitation;
  • have an economically viable and competitive fisheries and aquaculture industry;
  • provide a fair standard of living for those who depend on fishing activities;
  • take into account the interests of consumers.

 

The key challenges in fisheries are to reform the CFP with a view to making it more sustainable environmentally and more viable economically, and to continue to adopt long-term management plans.

Reform is needed to address such structural failings as over-fishing, fleet overcapacity and centralised and short-term decision-making. Discussions are well advanced.

See also:
Resources

 

External links

Agriculture

European Commission
· The Common Agricultural Policy Explained [pdf]
· Commission's proposals for the current CAP Reform (2014-2020)

European Parliament
· The Agriculture and Rural development (AGRI ) Committee
· Environment Committee

Fisheries

European Commission
· The Common Fisheries Policy
· Total Allowable Catches (TACs) and quotas

European Parliament
· The Fisheries (PECH) Committee